Promoting interculturalism, tolerance and diversity in the learning process

Teaching techniques: Change your glasses (Discouraging factor #2)

  • Factor #2: Discrimination on the basis of ethnicity or religion

Learning Objectives:

To raise awareness of the inequalities in society;

To develop skills of observation, imagination and critical thinking;

To foster solidarity and respect for other human beings


90 Minutes

Necessary Materials:

  • Old glasses from a secondhand shop or flee market, or just the frames
  • Large sheets of paper, and pens
  • Old magazines, postcards, scraps for collage, glue
  • Tape for hanging the pictures up
  • A digital camera or mobile phone that can take pictures; ideally one per person or one or several for the whole group
  • Computer and printer
  • Warning: outdoor activity

Description of the activity:

  1. With the group, brainstorm those people who are disadvantaged or living at the margin of society or who have a different culture from them.

Examples of people who are disadvantaged by society might include a single mother with young children, a pensioner, an immigrant, a person in a wheelchair or someone with HIV/AIDS.

Examples of people at the margin of society might include a homeless person, an illegal immigrant, an illiterate person, a mentally ill person or a member of the Roma community. These are examples of groups of people who do not have the opportunities that are available to the majority. All disadvantaged and marginalized people are poor and suffer from prejudice and stereotypes and are often discriminated against in some way, for instance in access to decent housing and jobs because of the situation they find themselves in.

They can also target a person that has a different culture from them, like a migrant or somebody that has a different religion etc.

  1. Ask each participant to choose one such person whom they are curious about and explain that they are going to go out and explore the locality through that person’s eyes.
  2. Emphasize that the point is not to act out the role, but to go out and imagine what it would be like to be the other person. What would it be like to be in that person’s shoes? For instance, would they be able to enjoy all the amenities? Where would they buy bread (if they can afford it)? Where would they live? Would they identify with advertising posters in the street?
  3. Hand out the glasses if you have some! Tell participants that as they go around the locality, they should take pictures either with digital cameras or on their mobile phones as documentation. Agree a time for everyone to return.
  4. On their return, ask each participant to transfer their pictures onto the computer, then to choose two, three or four to print out, mount on a large piece of paper and tape onto the wall. The pictures should be untitled.
  5. When all the pictures are displayed, ask everyone to try to guess which groups are being represented; then invite each participant in turn to present their pictures and to explain why they are particularly interested in the particular group they chose to “see”. Begin by looking at the exhibition and then go onto ask participants in turn what they experienced and what they saw:
  • What happened? Did you enjoy the activity? Why? Why not?
  • What was the most surprising thing you discovered?
  • Why did you choose the example you did?
  • What preconceived ideas or stereotypes did you have about the person you chose? What influence did these have on how you did the activity and what you “chose to see”?
  • Did the exercise enable you to empathize in any way with the person at the margin? Why? Why not?
  • What have you learnt about yourself?

Now go on to discuss some of the broader issues:

  • “I know I’m not seeing things as they are, I’m seeing things as I am”, Laurel Lee said. What effect do our stereotypes and beliefs have on the way we see the world around us?
  • Where do we get our information about disadvantaged and marginalized groups from?
  • How risky is it to make assumptions about someone based on a generalization about the groups as a whole?
  • How risky is it to generalize about a group of people based on one or two examples?
  • Which human rights specifically protect the different examples of disadvantaged people or those living at the margin, which the participants identified?
  • How are the rights of these people most frequently violated?
  • How easy is it for them to claim their rights?
  • Who should be responsible for making sure that their rights are not violated – or that they can exercise them?


You can run this activity as an introductory exercise or as the main activity. In a training meeting, it can be done to give people a break and fresh air, or as something extra to be done in the participants’ free time.

The instructions suggest people work individually, but the activity can be done in small groups. Practical considerations such as the size of the group and availability of cameras will most probably determine how you organize the activity. Bear in mind that it takes time for people to introduce their pictures, so depending on the size of the group, restrict the number of pictures each person chooses to display.

It is very important that the participants understand that they cannot escape from the fact that they are looking through their own eyes and imagining what it is like to be someone living at the margin of society or someone with a different culture. They should be aware that by bringing their existing stereotypes and feelings of empathy to the activity they risk reinforcing beliefs that may be distorted or wrong.

They should also know that stereotypes are (useful) generalizations about a group of people but that they should be used with caution as there will be wide variation within the group and the generalization will not apply to every individual.